ASEAN-THE NEED FOR JOINT COUNTER-TERRORISM FRAMEWORKS IN SOUTHEAST ASIA
Aftermath of the police precinct bombing in central Jakarta, Jan 2016. Wikimedia Commons
By Ryamizard Ryacudu
TodayOnline-Nov 7, 2018
The threat of violent-extremism in South-east Asia has evolved in two distinct phases: the Al-Qaeda centric phase and the Islamic State-centric phase.
During the Al-Qaeda-centric phase, as many as 400 terrorist fighters from the region headed to Afghanistan and Pakistan where they gained combat training and experience before returning home.
First published in: TodayOnline