Thamrin boulevard in Jakarta, Oct 2018. Wikimedia Commons
By Mari Pangestu
The Jakarta Post-Sept 24
Indonesia has achieved important economic and social progress over the last decade, despite difficult conditions in the world economy. While Indonesia should be very proud of the progress made, such rapid growth can also induce growing pains. Indonesia is still grappling with a complex set of environmental and economic challenges, ranging from deteriorating natural-resource wealth to growing income inequality. But Indonesia is not alone. Many other developing countries have also experienced economic and population growth so rapid that it is potentially detrimental to their environment.
First published in: The Jakarta Post